Topographic Brain Mapping of EEG and Evoked Potentials
di Springer Berlin
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Imaging procedures have been used for many years and are becoming increasingly important in a number of medical disciplines. This is due to recent technological advances, primarily computerization. The meth ods employed in CNS diagnostics are collectively referred to as "neu roimaging" and include procedures for investigating both cerebral morphology and cerebral function, such as computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomogra phy (PET), and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Topographic mapping of electroencephalograms (EEG) and evoked potentials represents one of the functional procedures and per mits topographic imaging of EEG, evoked potentials, and magnetic fields. The latter application includes not only magnetic fields evoked by stimuli relating to different sensory modalities, but also endogenous and motor fields resulting from spontaneous brain magnetic activity, as recorded by magnetoencephalograms (MEG), the magnetic comple ment of the EEG. The advantage of recording electric and magnetic fields over other neuroimaging procedures is that these techniques are completely noninvasive and have extremely short analysis times (in the millisecond range). The aim of this book is to clarify the current state of this emerging technology, to assess its potential for substantive contributions to brain research, to delineate areas for further research and, over all, to envis age clinical applications in disciplines such as psychiatry, neurology, and neuropsychology.
XVI, 576 p.
Section I State of the Art.- Establishment of Guidelines for the Use of Topographic Mapping in Clinical Neurophysiology: A Philosophical Approach.- From Graphein to Topos: Past and Future of Brain Mapping.- Topographic Mapping of Brain Electrical Activity: Clinical Applications and Issues.- From Mapping to the Analysis and Interpretation ofEEG/EPMaps.- Topographic Mapping of Generators of Somatosensory Evoked Potentials.- Neurometric Topographic Mapping of EEG and Evoked Potential Features: Application to Clinical Diagnosis and Cognitive Evaluation.- Advances in Brain Theory Give New Directions to the Use of the Technologies of Brain Mapping in Behavioral Studies.- Section II Methodological Aspects.- Advanced Programming Techniques for Dynamic Brain Activity Mapping on Personal Computers.- The Use of Derived Map Parameters in Alpha Blocking.- The Effect of Source Extension on the Location and Components of the Equivalent Dipole.- A Simple Model to Aid the Examination of Brain Mapping Systems and the Teaching of Topography.- The Use of Cross-Correlation in the Display of Paroxysmal Events in the EEG: A Preliminary Report.- Joint Studies of Event-Related Brain Potentials and 99mTc-Hexamethyl-propyleneamineoxime SPECT on Sensory-Guided Hand Tracking.- Section III Clinical Aspects.- A Battery Approach to Clinical Utilisation of Topographic Brain Mapping.- Topography of Background EEG Rhythms in Normal Subjects and in Patients with Cerebrovascular Disorders.- P300 and Coma.- Structure Differences of Topographical EEG Mappings.- Topographic Brain Mapping and Conventional Evoked Potential to Checkerboard Reversal and Semantic Visual Stimulation in a Dyslexic Boy with Amblyopia.- EEG Mapping in Patients with Transient Ischemic Attacks: A Follow-Up Study.- EEG Mapping in Pathological Aging and Dementia: Utility for Diagnosis and Therapeutic Evaluation.- Topographic Characteristics of EEG During a Saturation Dive to a 31 ATA Helium-Oxygen Environment with Specific Reference to Fm? or FIRDA.- Spectral and Frequency Analysis of the Central EEG Activity in Parkinson’s Disease Patients with Alzheimer’s Disease: The Development During Nootropic Therapy.- EEG and EP Mapping in Patients with Senile Dementia of Alzheimer Type Before and After Treatment with Pyritinol.- EEG Mapping in Epilepsy.- Topographic Representation of Brainstem Lesions: Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potentials Compared with Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Multiple Sclerosis.- Topographic EEG Features During Deep Isoflurane Anesthesia in Patients with Major Depressive Disorders.- Flash Visual Evoked Potential Topographic Mapping:Normative and Clinical Data.- Event-Related Potentials in Patients with Brain Tumors and Traumatic Head Injuries.- Mapping of EEG in Patients with Intracranial Structural Lesions.- Topographic Brain Mapping and Neuroendocrine Parameters ina Patient with Addison’s Disease and a Depressive SyndromeBefore and After Treatment with Hydrocortisone 285.- Dexfenfluramine Profile in Quantitative EEG and Its Topographical Aspects.- Synchrony (Measured by Cross-Correlation) in Children with Cognitive Impairments.- Section IV Psychophysiological Aspects.- Cortical Activation Pattern During Reading and Recognition of Words Studied with Dynamic Event-Releated Desynchronization Mapping.- Topography of Preparation- and Performance-Related Slow Negative Potential Shifts in Verbal and Spatial Tasks.- Topographic Brain Mapping of Transient Visual Attention.- Patterns of Event-Related Brain Potentials in Paired Associative Learning Tasks: Learning and Directed Attention.- Brain Lateralization in Stress Reactions.- EEG Dynamic Cartography of Wakefulness, Sleep and Dreams:A Movie.- Section V Evoked Potential Mapping.- Visual Evoked Potential Topography: Physiological and Cognitive Components.- Localization of the Visually Evoked Response:The Pattern Appearance Response.- N100 Frontal Component and Influence of Reference Location in Pattern Visual Evoked Potential Studied with the Area Display Technique.- Scalp Topography of Red LED Flash-Evoked Potentials:Normal and Clinical Data.- Topographic Mapping of Somatosensory Representation Areas.- Early Cortical Somatosensory and Nl Auditory Evoked Responses: Analysis with Potential Maps, Scalp Current Density Maps and Three-Concentric-Shell Head Models.- The Topography of the N70 Component of the Visual Evoked Potential in Humans.- Surface Maps and Generators of Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential Waves I, III, and V.- Topographic Brain Mapping and Long Latency Somatosensory Evoked Potentials of Posterior Tibial Nerve and Dorsal Nerve of Penis.- Section VI Psychiatric Aspects.- The Neuropsychology of Schizophrenia in the Context of Topographical Mapping of Electrocortical Activity.- EEG Mapping in Psychiatry: Studies on Type I/II Schizophrenia Using Motor Activation.- Coherence Mapping Reveals Differences in the EEG Between Psychiatric Patients and Healthy Persons.- Mapping of Evoked Potentials in Normals and Patients with Psychiatric Diseases.- Event-Related Potential (N100) Studies in Depressed Patients Treated with Electroconvulsive Therapy.- EEG Imaging of Brain Activity in Clinical Psychopharmacology.- Evaluation and Interpretation of Topographic EEG Data in Schizophrenic Patients.- EEG Mapping During Cholinergic Drug Challenge with RS-86.- Topographic Mapping of Event-Related Potentials as a Diagnostic Tool for Identification of Dyslexic Persons.- Topographic EEG Brain Maps and Mental Performance Under Hypoxia After Placebo and Pyritinol.- Section VII Magnetoencephalographic Aspects.- Cortical Auditory Evoked Magnetic Fields: Mapping of Time and Frequency Domain Aspects.- Mapping of MEG Amplitude Spectra: Its Significance for the Diagnosis of Focal Epilepsy.
Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1989
Numero di Pagine:
Data di pubblicazione:
29 dicembre 2011
Dimensioni del collo:
0.244 x 0.17 x 0.034 m; 1.167 kg